Among the universals, in literature and music, we would like to highlight...
FEDERICO GARCÍA LORCA
Spanish poet and playwright, born in Fuente Vaqueros a village in the Vega of Granada, on 5th June 1898.
He studied philosophy and literature and graduated in law from the University of Granada where he made friendship with Manuel de Falla.
In 1919 he settled in Madrid where he met Juan Ramon Jiménez and Antonio Machado. In addition to befriend with poets of his generation, artists as Buñuel or painters like Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso; two universal Andalusians who admired each other, although they never met.
When he published Book of poems in 1921, which was his first work with modernist and romantic influences, he drew attention but really highlighted by publishing Songs in 1927 where he represented the patriotic drama of Mariana Pineda; represented the symbol of the struggle to defend equality and freedom in Spain during the restoration of Fernando VII.
Another of his most important works was Poema del Cante Jondo who wrote at the same time than Canciones in addition of The Gypsy Ballads published in 1928; few months before moving to New York.
During the three years he lived in New York he worked as an intern and created his experience in the work Poet in New York; his posthumous work.
In 1932 he returned to Spain and was appointed director of the university theatre company called La Barraca, which represented works of writers of the Golden Age.
Within the range of plays that he wrote, the most notable might be Yerma (1934), Blood Wedding (1933) or The House of Bernarda Alba, which is considered his masterpiece.
As it is well known, because of its Republican trend and his homosexuality he was shot on 18th August 1836 in his beloved Granada, leaving a large cultural gap and with great sorrow to all intellectuals of his time that painfully mourned his death.
La Huerta de San Vicente was the family summer home, where now is located the Museum Federico Garcia Loca which opened to the public in 1995.
The Centro Federico García Lorca, located behind Granada´s Cathedral, was inaugurated in 2016. It hosts a library, a theatre with an acoustic shell, an exhibition hall, various spaces for workshops, equipped with movable partitions, and various spaces for offices.
Is one of the most important Spanish composers of the first half of the twentieth century, along with Isaac Albéniz, Enrique Granados, Joaquín Turina and Joanquín Rodrigo.
Manuel de Falla was
born in Cadiz in November 1876 where he studied music as a child with
his mother and other teachers in his hometown; as a young man he studied
composition with the renowned musicologist and teacher Felipe Pedrell.
From 1905 to 1907 he taught piano in Madrid, and between 1907 and 1914 studied and worked in Paris. In the period elapsed during the years 1914 and 1938 he lived and composed especially in Spain.
Under the influence of Pedrell, Falla developed a style that
characterized virtually all his compositions. The impressionistic
element of his work comes from French composers such as Claude Debussy
and Maurice Ravel, whom he met in Paris.
Among his compositions Nights in the Gardens of Spain (1909-1915) for orchestra and piano is a masterpice, the opera La vida breve (1913) on text Fernández Shaw, the ballets El Amor Brujo (1915) and The Three-Cornered Hat ( 1919), Betic Fantasy for piano (1919), the scenic fantasy El retablo de Maese Pedro (1924), Concerto for harpsichord and 7 instruments (1923-1926) and music for guitar. He left unfinished the oratorio Atlantis on the poem by Jacint Verdaguer; it was finished by his disciple Ernesto Halffter.
In 1939 he settled in Argentina, where he died on 14th November 1946.